Tag: Modern Slavery
Updated Home Office Guidance on Criminal Exploitation of children and vulnerable adults: County Lines
This is revised guidance aimed at frontline staff who work with children, young people and potentially vulnerable adults.
Court of Appeal judgment on the relevance of a child’s willingness to be trafficked
The trial judge had wrongly considered that it was relevant to consider whether the children who had been exploited into carrying drugs in a county lines case were willing volunteers.
Modern Slavery Masterclass
YJLC were delighted to offer an evening masterclass on Modern Slavery, Child Trafficking and County Lines, generously hosted by Garden Court Chambers and chaired by Kate Aubrey-Johnson. The speakers, Henry Blaxland QC, Claire Sands, Stewart MacLachlan and Aika Stephenson shared their varied and extensive knowledge on this complex and emergent area of law. Details County […]
Young victims of trafficking must be protected from being re-trafficked
R (on the application of TDT (By his litigation friend Tara Topteagarden) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent) and Equality & Human Rights Commission (Intervener)  EWCA Civ 1395 The Court of Appeal (Civil Division) has ruled that the Secretary of State for the Home Department breached article 4 of the […]
s.45 Modern Slavery Act 2015 – a case on the burden of proof
R v MK: R v Persida Gega (aka Anna Maione)  EWCA Crim 667 In this case the Court of Appeal considered whether, when a defence under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015 (the Act) was raised, the legal burden of proof rested on the defendant . Or, whether the defendant had only the […]
High Court rules childhood criminal records disclosure scheme unlawful (again)
The claimants, victims of child sexual exploitation (CSE) with childhood convictions relating to prostitution, successfully challenged the legality of the criminal record disclosure schemes. The High Court affirmed earlier judgments that the current criminal record disclosure schemes are arbitrary and indiscriminate and there is an inadequate assessment of present risk in a particular employment and are unlawful.
County Lines – Children’s Society toolkit for professionals
Children and young people trafficked for the purpose of criminal exploitation in relation to County Lines – a toolkit for professionals The Children’s Society as part of the National CSAE Prevention Programme for England and Wales, in partnership with Victim Support and the National Police Chiefs’ Council (NPCC) have published a guide to share knowledge on County Lines and to offer […]
Anonymity for child defendants who are the victims of trafficking
This case is the most recent in an increasingly long line of authorities considering the UK’s international obligations to victims of trafficking who are forced to commit crimes integral to their trafficked status. The obligations derive from the Council of European Convention on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings 2005, and from the EU Directive 2011/36 on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, and are now reflected in the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
YJLC Guide to Modern Slavery and County Lines
This YJLC guide will assist lawyers and professionals to recognise and assist children who may be the victims of child criminal exploitation (CCE), with a focus on the widespread problem of criminal exploitation of children by county lines gangs and the statutory defence under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
Home Office guidance on county lines published
The Home Office have published guidance for frontline staff who work with children, young people and potentially vulnerable adults. The guidance is intended to explain the nature of criminal exploitation and to enable practitioners to recognise the signs and respond appropriately so that potential victims get the support and help they need.
Court restates defence of duress for child victims of trafficking
R v VSJ and Others (Anti-Slavery International Intervening)  EWCA Crim 36 The Court of Appeal considered aspects of the defence of duress under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015. The judgment restates the law concerning child victims of trafficking, confirming that once it had been established that the child was a victim of trafficking for […]
Statutory defence for child victims of trafficking and slavery – section 45 Modern Slavery Act 2015
The Modern Slavery Act 2015 provides a statutory defence for victims of child trafficking and slavery accused of certain offences.