Home Office Guidance: Criminal Exploitation of children and vulnerable adults: County Lines
This is revised guidance aimed at frontline staff who work with children, young people and potentially vulnerable adults.
Report on how the UK’s cannabis policies are affecting young people
Volteface, a think tank which looks at alternatives to current drug policies in the UK, have published a report on how effectively the UK’s cannabis policies are safeguarding young people from harm including from a criminal justice perspective.
A case on sentencing children and young adults for manslaughter
The Court of Appeal held that the sentencing starting points taken by the judge, which had ranged from eight years and two months to nine years and six months' imprisonment, were lenient, however, not unduly lenient.
WhatsApp – a case on automatically downloaded images
R v Cyprian Okoro  EWCA Crim 1929 The Court of Appeal considered whether images automatically downloaded from What’s App on to a mobile phone constituted ‘images within the accused’s custody or control so that he was capable of accessing them’. Details Mr Okoro was sent indecent images of children and extreme pornography via What’s […]
A report on sentencing young adults
Judging maturity: exploring the role of maturity in sentencing young adults, Howard League for Penal Reform and Transition to Adulthood, July 2018 This report by the Howard League and Transition to Adulthood recommends that The Sentencing Council should work towards developing formal sentencing principles for young adults, similar to the principles that are in place […]
Changes to PACE Codes
Updated PACE Codes of Practice Changes to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act Codes of Practice came in to force on 31 July 2018. Details The following changes are of particular significance to children and young people: ‘The rights, entitlements and safeguards that apply to the conduct and recording of interviews with suspects are not […]
Justice Select Committee report on disclosure in criminal cases
The Justice Select Committee has released a report on disclosure of evidence in criminal cases. Disclosure of unused material in criminal cases is essential to a defendant receiving a fair trial. The urgency to revisit disclosure processes became apparent after a notorious failure in a number of cases between December 2017 and spring 2018. The report examines the failures in disclosure, the role of the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) and the police, and provides a set of recommendations to ensure a more effective disclosure process.
Arson – a case on sentencing children
R v JT  EWCA Crim 1942 This judgment is a good example of the distinct and individualistic approach to be taken when sentencing children. Details The appellant was charged with, what on the face of it, was a serious matter of arson. The appellant had set fire to bus in a bus station, which […]
Judicial protocol: expedition involving witnesses aged under 10
The National Police Chiefs’ Council (NPCC), Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) and Her Majesty’s Courts & Tribunals Service (HMCTS) have signed up to follow a protocol to expedite cases involving witnesses aged under 10.
A case on the mandatory minimum term for children guilty of murder
R v Ammar Kahrod (2018) CA (Crim Div) (Hallett LJ, Kerr J, Sir Andrew Smith) 04 July 2018 The appellant’s sentence to a minimum term of 17 years for a murder which was not premeditated and in which he did not have an intention to kill, was not found to be manifestly excessive. The fact […]
A note on the age of criminal responsibility
Age of Criminal Responsibility, Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST), June 2018 The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology have published a note which considers whether the current age of criminal responsibility is appropriate by exploring international legal standards, scientific research on mental and moral development and alternative approaches to dealing with children in conflict […]