This YJLC guide will assist lawyers and professionals to recognise and assist children who may be the victims of child criminal exploitation (CCE), with a focus on the widespread problem of criminal exploitation of children by county lines gangs and the statutory defence under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
The guide contains:
- information about how gangs recruit, groom and exploit children;
- practical guidance on the signs that should warn lawyers that their client might be a victim of CCE by county lines gangs;
- an overview of the statutory defence under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015 for offences committed as a direct result of exploitation and the relevant Crown Prosecution Service guidance;
- advice on defence lawyers’ safeguarding duties to clients whom they suspect might be the victim of CCE;
- advice on the practical steps that should be taken if a defence lawyer suspects that their client is a victim of CCE.