Treatment and sentencing of children.
Anti-social behaviour orders (ASBOs) stop a person from doing things causing (or likely to cause) harassment, alarm or distress to members of the public.
Asset (Young Offender Assessment Profile) is a used by YOTs (Youth Offending Teams) in England and Wales on all young offenders to assess their needs and the risk they will reoffend.
A bind over is an old fashioned way of a court telling someone to stay out of trouble. A person promises to comply with certain conditions for a length of time and for a sum of money.
A parent or guardian can be given a bind over after their child has been found guilty of any offence. A parental bind over is a promise to the court to take proper care and exercise proper control over the child.
The new “ASBO”s. After a conviction the prosecution can apply for a criminal behaviour order. If granted the court can put conditions on the person to make them do certain things, such as attend courses or stop them doing things, such as going to certain places.
An ISS is a very intensive community based programme where, instead of going to prison, individuals are closely monitored in the community. It includes programmes as well as electronic tagged curfew. ISS can be given as a bail package or as a sentence.
A court order given to a parent when their child has done something wrong, which makes them attend courses on parenting skills.
A referral order is a sentencing option for young people for a first offence or minor lesser offences. If given a referral order you are no longer dealt with by the court but are referred to a youth offending panel with a parent . The panel decide what things you should do. A referral order can be from 3 months- 12months.
Section 91 sentences are custodial sentences that can only be passed by the Crown Court on an offender who is under 18. Section 91 allows the Crown Court to pass a sentence for any length of time up to the maximum sentence allowed for an adult, it is usually used to pass a sentence longer than available under a DTO, and therefore is usually longer than 2 years.
Secure children’s homes are a type of secure accommodation for children and young people that a person may live in if they are in custody. They are usually for younger or vulnerable children.
Secure training centres are a type of secure accommodation for children and young people that they may be placed in if they are in custody. They are usually for those under 15 or those who are vulnerable.
Turning 15 can mean a court can impose a higher sentence on a child because children aged 12 – 14 years old cannot be given a Detention and Training Order unless they are a persistent offender.
Turning 18 can have a significant impact for any child involved in a criminal case.
When a person is sentenced the court must order them to pay the victim surcharge.
A type of prison for children and young adults aged 15 -21.
A community-based sentence for children.
Children are treated differently to adults when they are sentenced.