Tag: Turning 18
Young adults convicted of murder – what is the appropriate discount for youth?
The defendants, BN and HS were aged 19 at the time of the incident for which they were later convicted of murder. BN was sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 20 years. HS was sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 16 years. The Attorney General appealed the sentences as being unduly lenient. The Court of Appeal upheld BN’s sentence but increased HS’s sentence to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 19 years. This case reiterates the well-established principle that attaining the age of 18 does not represent a cliff edge between being sentenced as a youth and being sentenced as an adult.
R v Beyonce Parkes: A reminder that turning 18 is not a “cliff edge”
The Court of Appeal reiterated the importance of ensuring that a defendant’s age is given proper weight and consideration during the sentencing process. The COA considered the decisions in R v Clarke (2018) EWCA Crim 185 and R v Peters (2005) EWCA Crim 506.s The case is a reminder that age and consequent lack of maturity must be actively brought to the attention of the sentencing court, particularly in cases concerning young adult offenders.
The sentencing of young adults: a distinct group requiring a distinct approach
This article in the Criminal Law Review describes the growing legal consensus that young adults are a distinct group who require a distinct approach to sentencing, as shown by the emerging caselaw and guidance from the Sentencing Council.
A briefing on turning 18 in the criminal justice system
This briefing analyses the inequities that arise for children who turn 18 between offence and prosecution and makes proposals for policy and practice reform.
Court of Appeal judgment on mitigating factors in modern slavery offences
The Court of Appeal reduced a 21 year old’s sentence for county lines drug offences and offences under the Modern Slavery Act 2015 on the grounds of his youth and lack of similar convictions.
Court of Appeal judgment on the passage of time between offence and sentence
The Court of Appeal considered the relevance of age and the long delay between the commission of the offences and sentencing.
Court of Appeal judgment on sentencing young people over 18
The Court of Appeal refused to grant leave for the Solicitor General to make a reference on the grounds that the sentence awarded was too lenient, given the adult defendant’s youth, vulnerability and immaturity.
Court of Appeal ruling on sentencing 18 year olds
The Court of Appeal reduced the sentence of an 18 year old on the basis that not enough weight had been given to the features of the his youth, his immaturity and his lack of appreciation of the seriousness of his offending and the harm it caused.
Howard League calls for sentencing guidelines for young adults – a new report
The Howard League for Penal Reform have published a report which concludes that formal sentencing principles for 18 - 25 year olds, similar to the Sentencing Council guidelines that are in place for children, would assist the courts and improve sentencing outcomes.
Judging maturity – A report on sentencing young adults
This report by the Howard League and Transition to Adulthood recommends that The Sentencing Council should work towards developing formal sentencing principles for young adults, similar to the principles that are in place for children.