Home Office guidance on the criminal exploitation of children through County lines gang activity
The Home Office have published guidance for professionals working with potential victims of criminal exploitation. The guidance is specifically for those working with children and vulnerable adults as these are the people targeted by County lines gang activity.
Court restates defence of duress for child victims of trafficking
R v VSJ and Others (Anti-Slavery International Intervening)  EWCA Crim 36 The Court of Appeal considered aspects of the defence of duress under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015. The judgment restates the law concerning child victims of trafficking, confirming that once it had been established that the child was a victim of trafficking for […]
Statutory defence for child victims of trafficking and slavery – section 45 Modern Slavery Act 2015
The Modern Slavery Act 2015 provides a statutory defence for victims of child trafficking and slavery accused of certain offences.
Defence of ‘loss of control’
R v Mustafa Gurpinar, R v Nii-Azu Kojo-Smith & Another  EWCA Crim 178 The Court of Appeal considered the defence of loss of control in the appeals of two young offenders (G and K) who appealed against their convictions for murder. Both appeals were refused.