A Review of the Use of Pain-Inducing Techniques in Youth Institutions
A review of pain-inducing techniques in the youth secure estate has been published. It sets out 15 recommendations which aim to ensure pain-inducing techniques are only ever used as a last resort and that appropriate mechanisms are in place to govern the use of restraint.
Court of Appeal judgment on the relevance of Coronavirus to sentencing – R v Manning
The Court of Appeal has confirmed that the impact of the Coronavirus epidemic on provision for prisoners can be a relevant factor when sentencing a defendant.
Young offenders may be eligible for temporary release as a result of Covid-19
The Ministry of Justice and Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service have introduced the End of Custody Temporary Release Scheme (ECTR) which applies to young offenders. The criteria governing the temporary release of young offenders has been set out in Rule 5A of the Young Offender Institution Rules 2000, 'Coronavirus Restricted Temporary Release'.
Judicial decision making in light of the Coronavirus pandemic
In a letter to judges and magistrates, the Youth Justice Legal Centre along with 13 others, have urged courts to exercise extreme caution before remanding and sentencing children to custody during the coronavirus pandemic. The risks, both physical and mental, that children in custody will be exposed to during this time will, in most cases, outweigh the need for custody.
Supreme Court judgment on parental responsibility and consenting to deprivation of a child’s liberty
The UK Supreme Court examined whether it is within the scope of parental responsibility to consent to living arrangements for a 16-17 year old child that would amount to a deprivation of liberty under article 5 of the European Convention of Human Rights.
Briefing on children, knife crime and the impact of custody
The College of Policing briefing is a summary of evidence on factors associated with carrying knives, as well as strategies and interventions to tackle knife crime. It aims to inform decisions about approaches to tackling knife crime.
HMIP analysis of the experience of children in custody in 2017 -2018
HM Inspectorate of Prisons (HMIP), have conducted surveys of children detained in Secure Training Centres and Young Offender Institutions.
Court of Appeal ruling on holding children in solitary confinement
The Court of Appeal held that holding a 15 year old in solitary confinement for 8 weeks was not a breach of his Article 3 ECHR right not to be subjected to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Home Office publishes Concordat on Children in Custody
The Home Office has published a concordat on children in custody, preventing the detention of children in police stations following charge. The concordat aims to clarify the legal and statutory duties of the police and local authorities. The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 requires the transfer of children who have been charged and denied bail to more appropriate Local Authority accommodation, with a related duty in the Children Act 1989 for Local Authorities to accept these transfers.
Court of Appeal rule sentence of child was manifestly excessive due to his age and personal circumstances
R v H  EWCA Crim 2064 The Court of Appeal ruled that a sentencing judge had imposed an excessive sentence on a child, H. This case reinforces the special status of children in the criminal justice process and particularly when they come to be sentenced
Unlawful to sentence children to longer than adults
B v Leeds Crown Court and another  EWHC 1230 (Admin) In this successful case stated, the High Court confirmed it is unlawful to impose a longer sentence on a child than the maximum sentence available for an adult in similar circumstances. The case reaffirms the principle in the Overarching Principles for Sentencing Youths that generally a child should be dealt with less severely than an adult offender.