Tag: Child Trafficking
Updated Home Office Guidance on Criminal Exploitation of children and vulnerable adults: County Lines
This is revised guidance aimed at frontline staff who work with children, young people and potentially vulnerable adults.
Court of Appeal judgment on the relevance of a child’s willingness to be trafficked
The trial judge had wrongly considered that it was relevant to consider whether the children who had been exploited into carrying drugs in a county lines case were willing volunteers.
Modern Slavery Masterclass
YJLC were delighted to offer an evening masterclass on Modern Slavery, Child Trafficking and County Lines, generously hosted by Garden Court Chambers and chaired by Kate Aubrey-Johnson. The speakers, Henry Blaxland QC, Claire Sands, Stewart MacLachlan and Aika Stephenson shared their varied and extensive knowledge on this complex and emergent area of law. Details County […]
Young victims of trafficking must be protected from being re-trafficked
R (on the application of TDT (By his litigation friend Tara Topteagarden) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent) and Equality & Human Rights Commission (Intervener)  EWCA Civ 1395 The Court of Appeal (Civil Division) has ruled that the Secretary of State for the Home Department breached article 4 of the […]
Compensation unavailable for victims of trafficking with unspent convictions
A and B v Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority and Secretary of State for Justice  EWCA Civ 1534 The appellants lost their appeal against the dismissal of their claim for Judicial Review of the lawfulness of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme (the scheme), insofar as the scheme excludes applications for compensation from those with unspent […]
Anonymity for child defendants who are the victims of trafficking
This case is the most recent in an increasingly long line of authorities considering the UK’s international obligations to victims of trafficking who are forced to commit crimes integral to their trafficked status. The obligations derive from the Council of European Convention on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings 2005, and from the EU Directive 2011/36 on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, and are now reflected in the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
YJLC Guide to Modern Slavery and County Lines
This YJLC guide will assist lawyers and professionals to recognise and assist children who may be the victims of child criminal exploitation (CCE), with a focus on the widespread problem of criminal exploitation of children by county lines gangs and the statutory defence under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
Home Office guidance on county lines published
The Home Office have published guidance for frontline staff who work with children, young people and potentially vulnerable adults. The guidance is intended to explain the nature of criminal exploitation and to enable practitioners to recognise the signs and respond appropriately so that potential victims get the support and help they need.
New guidance on Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) highlights how to protect victims who may commit criminal offences
The Department for Education (DfE) has published guidance on Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) for all practitioners working with children, including those working in a youth justice setting. It contains information on how to identify and support victims of CSE including in a criminal justice context.
Court restates defence of duress for child victims of trafficking
R v VSJ and Others (Anti-Slavery International Intervening)  EWCA Crim 36 The Court of Appeal considered aspects of the defence of duress under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015. The judgment restates the law concerning child victims of trafficking, confirming that once it had been established that the child was a victim of trafficking for […]
Exploitation of children by ‘county lines’ gangs – children should be safeguarded not prosecuted
The National Crime Agency (NCA) has recently published a second report on the drug distribution model known as ‘county lines’ (County Lines Gang Violence, Exploitation & Drug Supply 2016 (November 2016)). Gangs recruit vulnerable people, often children, to act as couriers and to sell drugs. The report identifies the exposure to harm children may face from these gangs and encourages authorities to safeguard rather than prosecute affected children.
Statutory defence for child victims of trafficking and slavery – section 45 Modern Slavery Act 2015
The Modern Slavery Act 2015 provides a statutory defence for victims of child trafficking and slavery accused of certain offences.