A sentence is the punishment given to a person convicted of a criminal offence.
Children are given specially designed youth sentences.
The scaled approach is the way that YOT decides what sentence they recommend. It is based on scores given to the child using the Asset form, and they recommend certain activities or requirements to be part of the child's sentence, based on what they think the child's needs are.
Secure Training Centre
Secure training centres are a type of secure accommodation for children and young people that they may be placed in if they are in custody. They are usually for those under 15 or those who are vulnerable.
Section 91 sentences
Section 91 sentences are custodial sentences that can only be passed by the Crown Court on an offender who is under 18. Section 91 allows the Crown Court to pass a sentence for any length of time up to the maximum sentence allowed for an adult, it is usually used to pass a sentence longer than available under a DTO, and therefore is usually longer than 2 years.
Risk of Serious Harm Assessment (ROSHA)
A ROSHA is an assessment completed by the YOT to see if according to their questions a person is a serious harm risk to members of the public. It is used to help the judge decide what sentence the young person should receive.
Intensive Supervision and Surveillance (ISS)
An ISS is a very intensive community based programme where, instead of going to prison, individuals are closely monitored in the community. It includes programmes as well as electronic tagged curfew. ISS can be given as a bail package or as a sentence.
A hospital order is where the court orders a person to be placed in hospital instead of prison.
Are sexual or violent crimes which have a maximum sentence of over 14 years. If a person is charged with a grave crime the youth court will have to decide whether the case will remain in the youth court or be sent to the Crown Court.
A longer sentence, part in prison and part on licence, that can be given for certain offences or if a person is found to be dangerous.
Custody is when someone is 'locked up'. This can be in a cell in a police station for a short period of time before going to court. From court a child will be sent to a Secure Children's Home (SCH), Secure Training Centre (STC) or a Young Offender's Institution (YOI) depending on their age and vulnerability.
Detention and Training Order (DTO)
A prison sentence for 12-17 year olds which can be for 4, 6, 8, 12, 18 months or 2 years.
A record of a person's criminal convictions and cautions.
A sentence is the punishment the court passes on an offender after they are found guilty, or plead guilty. The judge will decide on what the sentence is: it can involve going to prison, or doing work in the community or paying a fine. The judge often gets the probation or the YOT to write a PSR to help decide what the sentence should be.
Committal for sentence
A procedure where the Youth or Magistrates Court can send a case to a Crown Court to give a sentence. The Crown Court has a greater sentencing power.
Anti Social Behaviour Order (ASBO)
Anti-social behaviour orders (ASBOs) stop a person from doing things causing (or likely to cause) harassment, alarm or distress to members of the public.
All Options Open
All options open means the judge is considering all sentencing options that the court is allowed to pass, usually including prison and community sentences.
Join our mailing list for regular updates on case law, legislation, new developments in the youth justice law, training & events.