(This guide in in the process of being updated. The new version will be published in 2020)
This YJLC guide will assist lawyers and professionals to recognise and assist children who may be the victims of child criminal exploitation (CCE), with a focus on the widespread problem of criminal exploitation of children by county lines gangs and the statutory defence under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
The guide contains:
- information about how gangs recruit, groom and exploit children;
- practical guidance on the signs that should warn lawyers that their client might be a victim of CCE by county lines gangs;
- an overview of the statutory defence under section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015 for offences committed as a direct result of exploitation and the relevant Crown Prosecution Service guidance;
- advice on defence lawyers’ safeguarding duties to clients whom they suspect might be the victim of CCE;
- advice on the practical steps that should be taken if a defence lawyer suspects that their client is a victim of CCE.