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European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)

An international law that protects human rights.

The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) guarantees a range of rights and freedoms of the individual.1 They include:

Article 2 – the right to life

Article 3 – prohibition of torture

Article 4 – prohibition of slavery and forced labour

Article 5 – the right to liberty and security

Article 6 – the right to a fair trial

Article 7 – no punishment without law

Article 8 – the right to respect for private and family life

Article 9 – freedom of thought, conscience and religion

Article 10 – freedom of expression

Article 14 – prohibition from discrimination

These human rights are protected in England and Wales by the Human Rights Act 1998. A person can take their human rights case to the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) once they have exhausted all domestic remedies (this means they have takem their case to court in England or Wales).

  1. Section 1, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms 1950  (back)