The Youth Justice Legal Centre is part of Just for Kids Law.
Criminal record checks are carried out by the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS).
Justices of the peace are also called magistrates, they are judges who decide cases in the youth court or adult magistrates’ court.
Court of Appeal’s consideration of the objective test within unlawful act manslaughter.
Youth cautions and conditional cautions must now be given to 17 year olds in the presence of an appropriate adult, as is currently the case for children under 17 years old.
Anonymity in criminal cases means someone’s name, address, photograph and other information that might identify them (such as their school or place of work) is not revealed in the newspapers, on television or on the internet.
Changes to referral orders will allow orders to be extended (or a fine imposed) where further offences are committed or a child is brought back to court for non-compliance.
Youth courts will now have the power to commit children convicted of a grave crime to the Crown Court for sentence. Prior to this change, youth courts could only commit a child if they pleaded guilty at the outset of proceedings. This is intended to increase the numbers of children tried in the youth court.
The Criminal Court Charge is a non-discretionary, fixed charge which is intended to offset some of the cost of running the criminal courts. The charge does not apply to defendants aged under 18.
Reporting restrictions for under 18 year olds involved in criminal proceedings (other than in the youth court) will now be governed by section 45 Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999.
When a person is sentenced the court must order them to pay the victim surcharge.
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